- The Basic Rules of 4-H Photography
- The Different Categories of 4-H Photography
- What 4-H Judges Look for in Photography
- The Different Types of Photography
- The Different Levels of Photography
- The Different Techniques of Photography
- The Different Styles of Photography
- The Different Elements of Photography
- The Different Aspects of Photography
- The Different Principles of Photography
4-H photography judges are looking for much more than a technically perfect photo. Find out what they’re really looking for when they’re judging your photos.
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The Basic Rules of 4-H Photography
Every 4-H photography judge looks for the same basic qualities in every photo they judge, no matter the category. They are looking for a photo with good composition, correct exposure, and that is free of distractions. Of course, each category will have additional rules, but these are the basics that every 4-H photographer should know.
Every photo should have a good composition. This means that the subject of the photo should be in the center and the background should be out of focus. The rule of thumb is that if the subject is not in the center, then it should be facing into the center of the frame.
The exposure of a photo is how light or dark it is. A good exposure will have a full range of tones from black to white. To get a good exposure, use a light meter or take a test shot and then adjust your camera settings accordingly.
A distraction in a photo is anything that takes away from the subject. This can be anything from another person in the background to a busy pattern in the foreground. To avoid distractions, make sure to keep your subject in focus and choose a simplier background.
The Different Categories of 4-H Photography
There are four different categories of 4-H photography: still life, nature, people, and animals. Each category has its own set of criteria that judges look for when evaluating photos.
What 4-H Judges Look for in Photography
When it comes to 4-H photography judging, there are typically two types of contests: open and themed. Open contests are simply that –open to any type of photograph that the 4-Her wishes to submit. Themed contests will have a specific topic that must be adhered to. Either way, there are several key things that 4-H judges will be looking for when they score your photographs.
The Different Types of Photography
There are many different types of photography, and each one has its own strengths and weaknesses. When you’re entering a photography contest, it’s important to know what the judges are looking for so you can choose the right type of photo. Here are four of the most popular types of photography:
-Landscape photography is all about capturing beautiful scenes from nature. Judges will be looking for photos that are well composed and that have interesting subject matter.
-Portrait photography is all about capturing the essence of a person in a photo. Judges will be looking for photos that are well composed, that have good lighting, and that capture the subject’s personality.
-Action photography is all about capturing a moment in time. Judges will be looking for photos that are well composed and that have good timing.
-Macro photography is all about capturing close-up shots of small subjects. Judges will be looking for photos that are well composed and that have good lighting.
The Different Levels of Photography
There are four different levels of photography that 4-H participants can enter. They are as follows:
Level 1: 4-H’ers who have never before shown a photograph in competition.
Level 2: 4-H’ers who have shown one or more photographs in competition, but have not yet won a blue ribbon.
Level 3: 4-H’ers who have won one or more blue ribbons in photography competitions.
Level 4: 4-H’ers who have won two or more blue ribbons in photography competitions.
The Different Techniques of Photography
There are many different ways to take a photograph, and each one can produce a different result. Some common techniques include:
-Black and white photography: This technique involves absence of color to create a certain mood or effect.
-Landscape photography: This type of photography is typically used to capture the beauty of nature, whether it be mountains, forests, rivers, or even fields of flowers.
-Portrait photography: This kind of photography is all about capturing the subject’s personality and expression. It is often used in wedding and family photography.
-Sports photography: This technique is used to capture the action and excitement of a sporting event. It requires quick reflexes and sometimes special equipment.
-Animal photography: This involves taking pictures of animals in their natural habitat or in captivity. It can be difficult to get close enough to some animals for a good shot, but patience and perseverance can pay off.
The Different Styles of Photography
When you go to 4-H fairs, you will see a wide variety of photography. The types of photographs entered in 4-H competitions range from snapshots to portraits to photojournalism and everything in between. You may be wondering what the judges are looking for when they evaluate these different styles of photography. In this article, we will take a closer look at the different styles of photography and what judges look for in each one.
Snapshots are photographs that are taken spontaneously, without much planning or thought. They are usually taken with a point-and-shoot camera or a camera phone. Judges will be looking for spontaneity, creativity, and composition in snapshots.
Portraits are photographs that are taken of people or animals. The focus of the photograph should be on the subject’s face. Judges will be looking for expressions, posing, lighting, and background in portraits.
Photojournalism is a type of photography that tells a story. Photojournalistic photographs often appear in newspapers and magazines. Judges will be looking for composition, storytelling, and impact in photojournalistic photographs.
The Different Elements of Photography
There are different elements that 4-H judges look for when they are judging photography entries. These elements can be divided into four main categories: technical merit, composition, content, and overall impact.
This category looks at the technical aspects of the photograph, such as center of focus, exposure, film grain, and print quality. Judges will also take into account the photographer’s skill in using the camera to capture the image.
This category looks at how well the photograph is composed. This includes things like balance, foreground/background, leading lines, cropping, and framing. Judges will also look at whether or not the composition enhances the overall impact of the photo.
This category looks at the subject matter of the photograph and how well it is depicted. This includes things like accuracy, originality, creativity, and artistic interpretation. The content should also be appropriate for the 4-H project in which it is entered.
The Different Aspects of Photography
Most people know that photography is the art of taking pictures, but there is so much more to it than that. There are different aspects of photography that can be judged, such as the composition of the photograph, the technical elements, the subject matter, and the overall message of the photograph.
The Different Principles of Photography
In 4-H photography competitions, there are usually three age divisions: junior (ages 8-10), intermediate (ages 11-13), and senior (ages 14-18).
Each division is then judged on a scale of 1-5 in the following principles:
Aesthetics- The visual appeal of the photo. This includes the subject matter, composition, balance, color, and light.
Technical Merit- How well the photo is exposed. This includes if the photo is in focus, has good lighting, and if it’s properly composed.
Artistry/Creativity- How original and different the photo is. This principle looks at if the photographer has used any unique angles or perspectives to make their photo stand out.
Judges also take into account the age of the photographer when they’re scoring each principle. For example, a junior division photographer may not have as much technical knowledge as a senior division photographer, so their score in that principle will reflect that.